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Collection Of Books

A book is a collection of leaves of paper, parchment or other material, leap together along one edge within covers. A book is also a literary work or a main separation of such a work. A book produced in electronic format is known as an e-book. Maintaining a library used to be the chance of princes, the well-off, monasteries and other holy institutions, and universities. The growth of a public library system in the United States started in the late 19th century and was much helped by contributions from Andrew Carnegie. This reflected classes in a society: The poor or the middle class had to share most books through a public library or by other means while the rich could pay for to have a private library built into their house.

The advent of paperback books in the 20th century led to an explosion of fashionable publishing. Paperback books made owning books reasonably priced for many people. Paperback books often included works from genres that had previously been published mostly in pulp magazines. As a result of the low cost of such books and the spread of bookstores filled with them (in addition to the creation of a smaller market of extremely cheap used paperbacks) owning a private library ceased to be a status symbol for the rich.

While a small collection of books, or one to be used by a small number of people, can be stored in any way suitable to the owners, a large or public collection requires a catalogue and some means of consulting it. Often codes or other marks have to be added to the books to speed the process of relating them to the catalogue and their correct shelf position. Where these identify a volume uniquely, they are referred to as "call numbers". In library and booksellers' catalogues, it is common to include an short form such as "Crown 8vo" to indicate the paper size from which the book is made.